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GEOGRAPHY OF LITHUANIA

Geography of Lithuania Naturbeschaffenheit von Litauen  
Geography of Lithuania

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Geography of Lithuania

Lithuania is located on the eastern Baltic coast. The geometrical centre of Europe is near Bernotai in eastern Lithuania, 25km north of Vilnius. The landscape contains lowland plains and hilly uplands with a dense network of rivers. 1 third of the country is covered by forests, 4.5% by inland waters. There are over 2800 lakes larger than 0.5 hectares in size, and 18 rivers longer than 100 kilometres.

Nature
Lithuania is located on the eastern Baltic coast. The geometrical centre of Europe is near Bernotai in eastern Lithuania, 25km north of Vilnius. The landscape contains lowland plains and hilly uplands with a dense network of rivers. 1 third of the country is covered by forests, 4.5% by inland waters. There are over 2800 lakes larger than 0.5 hectares in size, and 18 rivers longer than 100 kilometres.

National parks

Aukstaitija National Park
The area of Aukstaitija National Park covers 40,570 ha. You can find here picturesque clean lakes, splendid forests and hills, ethnographic villages and other attractions of nature. The hills are over 200 metres high. It's worth to visit the SiliniSkes crest (mounds of Ginuciai and Papiliakalne) and Ladakalnis. A specially equipped tower near Ginuciai offers an imposing view.
The nature lovers can find here rich fauna and flora: more than 200 species of birds, 60 species of mammals and 900 species of plants. 120 species listed in the Red Book.

Dzukija National Park
The area of Dzukija National Park covers 60,000 ha, 85% of the park's territory contains of forests. In the park offers interesting tourist sights as pine forests, ancient villages, historical and cultural monuments. The administrative centre of the park is Marcinkonys. Here you can obtain information about tourist attractions, accommodation and conference facilities. It's worth to visit Merkine castle hill (which gives a nice view of the Nemuna River and the surrounding forests) or The Liskiava, a settlement by the Nemunas River. There are also numerous other ancient villages in the countryside of Merkine and Liskiava.

Curonian Spit National Park
The area of Curonian Spit National Park covers 26461 ha including 9761 ha of land, 4200 ha of Curonion Lagoon and 12500 ha of the Baltic Sea. The Curonian Spit is a 98 km long and 400 m to 4 km wide peninsula elongating through 2 states, the Republic of Lithuania and the Russian Federation. It's listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List (2000). The current landscape is a common creation of people and nature. Due to the deforesting after the 15th century the sand dunes stared to move and buried several villages.

Zemaitija National Park
The area of Zemaitija National Park covers 21720 ha, 10% of this is not available for tourists (Plokstine and Rukundziai natural reserves). The Park includes the huge Lake Plateliai, other 25 lakes, 2 information centres, 7 holiday homes and hotels, 19 rural tourism farmsteads, 9 camping sites, 6 cafes, inns, 8 museum expositions and 12 monuments of nature.

Lithuania information

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